Today we celebrate International Day For The Elimination Of Violence Against Women. Violence against women continues to be a global pandemic. Thirty-five per cent of women and girls globally experience some form of sexual or physical violence in their lifetime. And in some countries the figure is closer to seventy per cent. Today it is important to recognise that violence against women is a consequence of discrimination against women. And to recognise the persisting inequalities that exist between men and women as well as the fact that violence against women impacts on progress in many areas of our lives, from poverty eradication and economic growth to peace and security. But today is also a day to celebrate and acknowledge the amazing work that people have contributed to making a difference in this area. And from today, 25 November, the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, to 10 December, Human Rights Day, we will recognise the 16 Days of Activism, as a time to galvanise action to end violence against women. And we will use this time to celebrate 16 of the many people that are fighting to end violence against women and girls in Australia. Here are their stories….
1. Rosie BattySince her 11 year old son Luke was murdered by his father Rosie Batty has been an advocate for victims of domestic violence and put family violence on the national agenda. She has been very public in sharing her frustrations and experiences with the police force and other institutions who have failed their role to protect families from violence. In January 2015 she was announced Australian of the year and Rosie has established the Luke Batty Foundation to research the best ways to utilise funds from government and private sector to improve the culture of violence in Australia.
2. Anne SummersDr Anne Summers AO is a best-selling author, journalist and thought-leader with a long career in politics, the media, business and the non-government sector in Australia, Europe and the United States. In 1974 as a post-graduate student Anne, with a number of other young women created the first domestic violence refuge in Australia. Anne would often perform home rescues where she would enter women’s homes whilst their husbands were out and help them escape. In 2014, the centre, named ‘Elsie’, turned 40 years old and today there are now over 300 women’s refuges around Australia.
3. Linda BurneyAs the first Indigenous woman elected into the House of Representatives Linda Burney recognises the obligation she has to ensure that Indigenous women are represented in discussions on domestic violence. Since being elected into the Parliament Burney has partnered with the NSW government to develop and manage ‘Tackling Violence’, a community education and intervention program aimed to help curb the levels of domestic violence in regional communities. Tackling Violence has seen the NSW State Government collaborate with regional rugby league clubs to educate young men about the nature of domestic violence and teach them how maintain healthy relationships.
4. Mary BarryMary Barry is the current CEO of Our Watch, a national initiative that aims to combat violence against women and children by changing the attitudes, behaviours, social norms and practises, which underpin family violence. It is an organisation that truly reflects Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull’s sentiments that all domestic violence begins with disrespect towards women by creating programs that model healthy relationships and encourage conversations about respect. When asked why she considers cultural change to have such a fundamental role in eradicating family violence Barry reflects on her childhood in Ireland where many women and children in her neighbourhood were subject to abuse. What was so problematic was that this violence was always perpetrated without repercussions as a result of the culture of silence, which condoned intervention into what was considered a private matter within families as opposed to a punishable crime.
5. Djapirri MununggirritjDjapirri is an Indigenous Engagement Officer and Yolgnu elder in the community of Yirrkala in central Australia. She helped establish the Yirrkala Women’s patrol which sees elders walk the streets of their community at night to deal with domestic violence, alcohol and other community safety issues. Djapirri liaises with community and police to ensure the whole community is working together in an effective, respectful and culturally appropriate way to tackle the issues facing communities. She also consults with government about how communities will engage with government initiatives to ensure they are effective “Through the program I can see there is a partnership between my community and the Australian Government, working together to build a stronger future for Yirrkala.”
6. Marcia NeaveAs a legal academic Neave has spent decades researching how the law responds to and represents the needs of women. She spent many years at the Victorian Law Reform Commission with much of her work focusing on homicide and sexual offences. In 2015 she chaired the Royal Commission into family violence. The Commission involved 13 months of evidence gathering, 220 witnesses who gave evidence, 25 days of public hearings and 1,000 written submissions. The Victorian Government has committed $572 million to combatting family violence in the 2016 State Budget, which includes implementing all recommendations from the Commission. The recommendations highlighted the needs for prevention, early intervention and recovery as well as far more extensive and streamlined responses to women in violent relationships and recognising the diversity of victims and the communities in which they live.
7. Jimmy BartelGeelong football club star Jimmy Bartel has been extremely open about his experience of domestic violence, growing up with a violent father who was both physically and emotionally abusive towards Jimmy’s mother. In the 2016 AFL season Bartel continued to grow his beard in an effort to raise awareness and evoke discussion about the ongoing prevalence of domestic violence within Australia; a country where 1/3 women over the age of 18 have been victim to physical or sexual assault. Through his campaign Bartel was able to raise $150,000 of much needed funds for domestic violence services across the state.
8. Charlie KingWhilst best known as a sports commentator for ABC radio, Gurindji man Charlie King has had a long history as a social worker in the Northern Territory. King’s exposure to the rampant levels of domestic violence in the Territory inspired him to begin the campaign ‘No More’. No More aims to combat the unprecedented levels of violence that manifest throughout Indigenous communities by engaging with local sporting clubs, the lifeblood of most Indigenous communities. No More works with clubs to create domestic violence action plans which include steps such as, encouraging women to take leadership positions in club management committees and introducing strict and comprehensive rehabilitation programs for players who perpetrate domestic violence. These measures come at a critical time in the NT, where, over the last three years top end police responded to 75,000 cases of domestic violence, of which 80% of the victims were Indigenous.
9. Julie BishopIn her position as Foreign Minister Julie Bishop has championed the creation of new foreign aid conditions, which make gender equality and women’s empowerment a priority. Under the leadership of Bishop women and girls have become a centrepiece in Australian foreign aid with conditions now stipulating that at least 80% of Australia’s foreign aid must promote gender equality. In order to meet this new standard foreign aid packages must achieve one of three things:
- Enhance women’s voic es in decision making, leadership and peace building.
- Promote women’s economic empowerment to help reduce poverty within communities.
- Make some attempt to end the pervasive and persistent culture of violence against women and girls that continues to permeate across the globe and limit women’s social, political and economic participation.