Talking of equity, last year I was driving my then 5 year-old son to a birthday party, and we inevitably started talking about his own upcoming birthday party. A football party, at the Boulevard oval, Dad can umpire, Ned can be captain of the other team, we’ll eat hotdogs – he went on – you get the drill, and very few details were ignored. And I have to admit that until this point, there had been no discussion about girls being invited or not. So his next comment really stumped me “and the girls can be the crowd.”
Seems harmless and innocent, and on the one hand it is. But if you look at the coverage of women’s sport, you very quickly see that it is rarely, if ever, featured on the back page of the paper, nor showcased during prime time tv. That space is usually reserved for sportsmen – AFL, NRL and Cricket.
And so it was with goosebumps that I walked hand in hand with my 5 year old daughter into E.J Whitten Oval last Saturday night. We were there to watch 50 of the best female players in the country give us a glimpse of what we can expect to see when the AFL launches a professional Women’s League next year. It was a serene moment, as another glass ceiling was smashed. And I quietly celebrated the fact that my daughter and sons are unlikely to ever remember professional football as being the exclusive domain of men. I love AFL, and can’t wait to see the Women’s League take off next year.
Of course, the introduction of women to an arena traditionally dominated by men requires the challenging of biases and stereotypes as this quote from “Bernie”, which featured in the comments section under an article about the introduction of a female mascot, Navy Nina by the Carlton Football Club, demonstrates:
“This is a sport devised by males, for males, played by males. If the sheilas want to watch, too, of course they’re welcome. But all this PC crap about “gender imbalance” and “need for cultural diversity” is destroying the game. It would be the same as women whingeing about not enough men watching netball. Give it a flipping rest and get back to the basics, where PC is banned. Get on with the game and just play footy.”
But, just as sexist jokes are meant to be ‘funny’, – our friend Bernie probably smirked at his comments – behind every joke, act and symbol is some truth.
Which is why it is so important for the AFL to seize the opportunity to prioritise gender equality with the introduction of the Women’s League, from the outset.
In recent days the pay terms and conditions offered by the AFL to female players have been revealed. The most problematic figure is the $5,000 salary for the vast majority of the players. That amount includes training (which is capped at 9 hours per week because otherwise the amount will fall below the minimum hourly wage). Players are also expected to pay for their own health insurance, estimated to be $2500, and, because nobody can live on $5000 a year, the amount will also be taxed at a higher rate because it will be a second income.
The AFL’s position is that the Women’s League is a start-up competition. But that’s not accurate. In it’s most recent Annual Report, the AFL reports that female participants comprise 25%, that there are 629 dedicated female football teams, and that the number had grown 27% on the previous period. 163 new female teams were developed in 2015.
Now is the time to invest heavily in the Women’s League. Here are just 5 reasons why the AFL needs to level the playing field from the outset.
5 Reasons the Playing Field Must be Equal
1. You can’t call them professional and then tell them they can’t earn a living from it.
The introduction of a women’s league means the professionalisation of the sport for women. But if female players can’t earn a living from playing AFL, then they fall short of the definition of “professional”, which the Oxford English Dictionary defines as “Engaged in a specified activity as one’s main paid occupation rather than as an amateur: a professional boxer.”
Not only will female players be unable to make a living from playing AFL, they will have to negotiation substantial flexibility with their current employers just to participate, meaning many will actually be worse off financially for privilege of playing AFL. As an AFL hopeful who is also a year 12 teacher told me, her Principal is not going to be able to explain to the students and their parents that she needs to take every second Friday afternoon off.
2. They can afford to, and the business case makes sense.
While women have always accounted for 50% of VFL/AFL attendances, in recent years female footballers have emerged as the fastest growing participation sector in the game.
Saturday night’s exhibition match between Melbourne and Western Bulldogs was the highest rating Saturday night match for the year, proving that the landmark curtain-raiser from last year, again between Melbourne and Western Bulldogs stripes, was not a fluke.
Every new business proposition requires investment to get it off the ground. The AFL knows this only too well. As Erin Riley so eloquently put it earlier this week,
Both the GWS Giants and the Gold Coast Suns were able to draft and pay players at standard AFL wages before their teams joined the competition in 2012 and 2011 respectively. It was understood in order for the clubs to survive and be competitive, they needed to invest even before they took to the field. Why should women be treated differently?
And let’s be honest. With its lucrative new broadcasting deal, the AFL can’t exactly cry poor.
3. Athletes need a reason to choose AFL beyond just passion
The competitive nature of the sporting industry means that the top talent will be attracted to sports that treat and recognise men and women equally. And when we have the best talent, we also know it will attract a bigger audience which will generate greater the returns.
But as we learned from the Rugby 7s’ success, the best talent has options. And there’s no gold medal on offer for playing AFL…
Up until a few years ago, many Rugby 7s gold medalists were passionately pursuing goals in other sports and many certainly didn’t have the Olympic Games on their vision board. Even more surprisingly, almost none of the girls were playing Rugby Union!
Ellia Green, who scored the third try of the final, was originally planning on running the 100m at the Olympics. Captain Sharni Williams used to be a hockey player, and even represented Australia in hockey at the 2010 World Cup. Chloe Dalton started her sporting career as a basketballer and played for the Sydney Flames in the WNBL.
What’s more, other sports are paying more. Take netball, where the salary cap for each team is $500,000.
If the AFL is going to compete for the best talent, they’d better put their money on the table; gratitude for the opportunity to play AFL isn’t going to underpin the success of the competition.
4. Attitudes to women in sport are mirrored in our community
It is important – for the female players as well as for the message it sends to women and girls across the community – that the AFL demonstrates that women players are valued, and treated with
respect and dignity.
When it comes to gender equality, we must be intentional, and focus our efforts both on the significant interventions, as well as the small actions we can take. Because it’s what lives beneath the surface of the messages that society sends to men & women, boys and girls, about what – and more importantly who – matters. In a majority of the communities, institutions and workplaces in which we all operate, the concentration of power lies with men. And whenever men are paid more, we make a big statement about who matters more.
It’s attitudes like these that have, over the past 4 years, seen report after report emerge about the impact of gender inequality: abuse by men that comes with power and structures entrenched in patriarchy. In our communities, 1 in 4 Australian women have experienced violence at the hands of an intimate partner. Even harder to believe is that 400,000 women reported experiencing violence while pregnant, and more than 500,000 women reported that their children had witnessed their assaults.
And in our workplaces, report after report has revealed the prevalence of bullying, discrimination and sexual harassment inflicted upon women. Status, pay and recognition matter.
To pay women less than men for doing the same job is to disrespect them, and, as Prime Minister Turnbull said last year:
“Disrespecting women doesn’t always result in violence against women, but all violence against women begins with disrespecting women.”
For the AFL to keep repeating that “the female players understand that we are on a journey” is nothing short of exploitation and an abuse of power over a playing group so passionate to finally do what they’ve always dreamed of – play professional football in an AFL competition.
5. Equal Work For Equal Pay
Equal Pay Day is today, marking the additional time from the end of the previous financial year that women must work to earn the same as men.
Despite 50 years of legislated pay equality, data released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics today the Agency calculates the national gender pay gap to be 16.2%.
But there are some industries where women are woefully underpaid by comparison to men.
Disappointingly, there are significant disparities between women’s and men’s earnings from professional sport. Workplace Gender Equality Agency data shows that in the category of sporting clubs and sporting professionals there is a 50% gender pay gap, meaning men earn on average twice as much as women.
And while there are commercial realities that mean in practical terms it may take some time for the TOP end of the female players’ salaries to reflect those of the top male players’ salaries, playing payers equally ought to be the main goal for the AFL.
Gender equality is increasingly recognised as a business priority among smart Australian employers wishing to remain competitive in their particular industry – the AFL should be no different.
Prue Gilbert is a member of the AFL Players Association Advisory Committee for the Women’s League. All opinions are her own.